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BECE RME 1999 Essay

BECE: RME 1999 Essay


a) State five things created by God.

1a) Among the things created by God, five of them are:
i. Animals
ii. Trees or Plants
iii. Light (sun, moon and stars)
iv. Water bodies
v. Land

1b) Explain the usefulness of any three of them to mankind.
i. Animals
• Some animals and their products serve as food for mankind
• Strong animals like donkeys and camels help to transport people and things to places.
• Bulls help to plough farm lands.
• Animals like dogs, monkeys, parrots and geese can be good security guards.

ii.Trees or Plants
• Most plants and their fruits serve as sources of food for mankind
• The barks, leaves, roots and stems of some plants serve as medicines and ingredients for preparation of medicines for mankind.
• The attractive nature of some plants called ornament plants are used to beautify our environments
• Plants provide oxygen for mankind
• Plants serve as shelter for mankind

iii.Lights (sun, moon and stars)
• They make it possible for mankind to see
• They help us to get directions
• They enable mankind to calculate times and seasons
• They help us to see the power of God

iv. Water bodies
• They serve as sources of drinkingwater for mankind
• Salt is generated from the sea water
• Water bodies can serve as means of transportation
• They serve as sources of water for both industrial (mixing of drugs, cement and sand etc) and domestic (cooking, washing and bathing etc) purposes.
• They provide us with water for irrigation purposes.

• The land serves as a living place for mankind
• Precious minerals like gold,diamond, silver, bauxite, manganese etc. from the land are used to manufacture tools and ornaments.
• The land supports the growth of plants to provide food and herbs for mankind
• Animals that provide food and support for mankind also live on the land.

a) Describe the early life of Prophet Mohammed.
2a) According to Islamic teaching, the Prophet Mohammed, founder of Islam was born on
the 20th April, A.D. 571 to Abdullah and Amina in Mecca. His name, Mohammed which means “the praised one” was given to him by his grandfather, Abdul Mutalib because the father died before he was born. Mohammed was taken and trained by a woman called Halimah. This woman returned Mohammed to his mother at the age of five. One year after he was returned, the mother died. This made his grandfather to take care of him but he also died when Mohammed was eight years old. Mohammed’s uncle, Abu Talib took him after the grandfather died. During one of Abu Talib’s trips, he made with Mohammed to Syria, he was advised by a monk to return Mohammed to Arabia because he would be a great person but if they continued to stay in Syria the people would harm him, so he took Mohammed back to Arabia. In his life time, he was known to be handsome, quiet, reserved, dignified, honest, intelligent and truthful. Mohammed entered into business transaction with Khadijah, a rich widow who was a merchant and they got married when he was twenty-five years old.

b) Indicate three moral lessons that can be learned from his life.

2b) Moral lessons that can be learned from the life of Prophet Mohammed
i) Honesty: Prophet Mohammed was given the title, Al – Amen because he was honest to all he dealt with.

ii) Prayerful: It is believed that all who took care of Mohammed loved him because of his prayer life.
iii) Humility: Many people wanted him to stay with them because he was humble.
iv) Hardworking: He was hardworking and dedicated to his work.
v) Faithful: This established the marriage between him and Khadijah
vi) Trustworthy: He was a trustworthy person.

a) Describe the traditional festival celebrated in your community.
  1. a) I live in an Akan community. The traditional festival of my community is the Adae festival. There are two main periods for the Adae. One falls on Wednesday and it is called the “Awukudae”. The other which falls on Sunday is called “Akwasidae. The Akwasidae is the day on which most of the rituals are performed. It is considered as the religious feast day on which the rulers clean and purify the ancestral stools and present food to the Before the Adae are the Dapaah and Fofie days. They are days set for preparations before the festival. During this period,people return home to get their food stuffs and animals ready for the sacrifices. In the evening of the Dapaah, the Okyerema or stool drummer performs the “Awakening” by beating the talking drum to announce the incoming Adae.

In the process, he mentions the materials used to manufacture the drum, he calls upon thespirits of the ancestor drummers, the stool ancestors, recites the history of the state,calls the people, the Supreme Being and the other divinities. In the early morning on the Adae day, the chief, his elders and the stool bearer enter the stool room in a customary manner. In the room, the chief greets the ancestors and offers libation to them. As tradition demands, he calls their names beginning from the oldest as he offers the libation, after which he leaves the rest of the drink for the spirits and returns to his seat for celebration. Drums are beaten, traditional songs are sung and the people dance. As part of the celebration, a sheep is slaughtered and the blood is smeared on the ancestral stools and the stool bearer prepares a special meal with portions of the meat. The chief gets into the stool room again to offer some of the food to the ancestral spirits in remembrance of their efforts and to unite the living and the dead. He tastes some of the food first, gives some to those present with him in the stool room and leaves the rest for the spirits and returns to his seat again for the celebration to continue. During the food offering, the chief petitions the gods and ancestors to bless the people, protect them and provide them with bountiful harvest at the end of every season of the year. After this, the chief and his elders sit to settle disputes among families and family members

Also, they discuss issues that bring about development in the state and the welfare of the citizens. Drumming, singing and dancing continue and they make merry until the evening

when the chief offers the final prayer in public to end the celebration.


I live in Anloga, an Ewe community in the Volta Region. The traditional festival of my community is the Hogbetsotso festivalThe celebration normally begins in the first week of November and ends with a big durbar on the first Saturday of the same week. This occasion is celebrated to remember how our forefathers fled from the famous wicked king of Notsie in Togo called King Agorkorli to settle in the present day Ghana.

Few days before the programmecommences, a clean-up exercise isorganized to clean up the surroundings of the villages. Entertainments are organized which used to be singing and dancing but now have been fused with video shows. On the first Saturday of the week, there is an assembly of chiefs and the people of Anloga at a durbar ground. The sub chiefs sit around the paramount chief and pay homage to him as they exchange greetings. Some government officials and dignified personalities are given a nicely prepared place at the durbar ground. During the celebration, different cultural groups in various dresses and designs come up stage to perform. They dress in beads around their necks, wrists, knees, and kente cloth that covers the upper part of the knees. They make designs on their bodies with white clay. They dance and demonstrate how their ancestors managed to flee from the wicked King Agorkorli. They dance Agbadza in the Afternoon. The women dance to the tunes of the cultural songs. In dancing, they move forward, turn and dance backwards as their feet and hands are moved at the same time. To end the programme, speeches are given by a guest speaker and the Awumefia. The guest speakers are usually government officials who educate and inform the people about government policies whilst the Awumefia usually advise the people to live in peace among themselves. Entertainment continues in the evening and in the next morning which is Sunday the various family members meet to settle dispute among them and plan towards development. After that those who attend Church leave for Church service.

b) List three reasons why the festival is celebrated.
3b)Reasons why festival is celebrated
i) To pacify and purify the gods, stools and lands for the new year.
ii) To promote friendliness and family reunion.
iii) To meet, plan and raise funds for development
iv) To preserve and promote traditional values and cultural heritage
v) To enable sub-chiefs to renew their allegiance to the paramount chief.


a) Mention three school rules and three regulations at home.

a) School rules require pupils or students to;
i) be punctual and regular at school.
ii) be obedient to school authorities.
il) do their homework and present them at given times.
iv) be part of all cleaning and other school exercises.
v) protect school properties.
vi) comport themselves both on school compounds and in classroom.
vi) report bad behaviours to school authorities.
vili) dress decently.

Regulation at home
At home, the child should;
i) be obedient, and respectful to parents and all elderly people
i) do all household chores assigned to him or her
ili) avoid using bad language
iv) avoid involvement in elderly conversations
v) avoid fighting and picking quarrels with others
vi) go to bed on time
vi) do his or her homework before he or she goes to bed
viii) take part in religious activities
ix) always be present except assigned duties outside the home


b) Why are rules and regulations important?
b) Rules and regulations are important because;
i) they help to maintain law and order
ii) they reduce crime rates
iii) they guide people to work in unity
iv) they help us to achieve goals and objectives
v) they bring peace as they guide people to do things according to laid down rules and regulations
vi) they serve as checks to restrict people from going beyond their limit.
Describe five ways that one can show good manners.
Ways of showing good manners
i)Greetings: Greet people in houses, offices, vehicles etc without necessarilyconsidering their ages or familiarities.
ii) Expressions: Using “please” when making requests and “thank you” when served or granted the request.
iii) Giving chances to elderly people in times of scarcity
iv) Speaking or talking politely to others without considering age or familiarity
v)Using the expression “sorry” to apologize irrespective of age or familiarity
vi) Dressing decently: both males and females must dress responsibly
vi) Complying with dress codes for schools, offices etc.
viii) Cleaning and washing shoes and dresses stained with dirt and sweat.
ix) Stitching torn dresses before using them.
x) Avoid talking or conversation whilst eating.
xi) Cleaning hands properly before and after meals
xii) Tidying up tables after meals
xiii) Avoid eating between meals
a) State the stages one has to pass through to show repentance.
a) The stages one has to pass through to show repentance
i)Acknowledgement: realize and accept your fault as a sinner or wrong doer
ii) Regret: show regret for all your wrong deeds
iii) Pardon: request for pardon or forgiveness
iv) Cease: avoid repeating all old bad deeds and even new ones

b) Why is repentance necessary?


b) Importance of Repentance
Repentance is necessary because it
i)reconciles the repentant back to God
ii) saves one’s soul from eternal destruction
iii) brings peace, joy, happiness, harmony and unity in the society
iv) makes one useful and profitable to the society.


a) Explain the nuclear family system.

a) The nuclear family system is a family relation made up of the father, mother and children (you, your brothers and sisters). The head of the family is the father.
b) The obligations of the father as a member of the family
i) He heads the family.
ii) He provides shelter, clothes and food for the family.
ili) He sees to the spiritual, moral, physical, educational and health needs
among members of the family.
iv) He provides the financial and material needs of the family. He pays bills and fees.
v) He serves as the family’s counselor and advisor.
vi) He disciplines the children when necessary.

b) State the obligations o f each member o f the family.


The obligations of the Mother as amember of the family
i) She is the second in command. Thus she takes some of the father’s responsibilities in his absence.
ii) She is in charge of household chores of the family.
ili) She supports the father in providing for the family.
iv) She guides the children and inculcates good moral into them.
v) She washes for the very young and the father most often.
vi) She makes sure the family members appear neat and decent.
vi) She sometimes takes decision with the father concerning the family.

The obligations of the Children as a member of the family
i)To support the mother in the household chores.
ii) Older children to assist the mother to take good care of their younger ones.
iii) To assist parents in running on errands during vacations.
iv) To be obedient and respectful.

a) What are Religious Youth Organizations?

a) Religious Youth Organizations are youth groups in religious bodies, denominations
or institutions set up to unite and see to the spiritual, moral, social and material
welfare of the youth. Examples of such

Youth Organizations are:
i)Christian Youth Builders (CYB)
ii) Boys and Girls Brigade (BB and GB)
iii) Young People Guild (YPG)
iv) Catholic Youth Organization (CYO)
v) Pentecost Youth Movement (PYM)
vi) Methodist Youth Fellowship (MYF)

i)Muslim Youth Organization (MYO)
ii) Ahmadiyya Muslim Youth Organization (AMYO)

i)Youth Asafo Movement
ii) Cultural Groups

b) Mention any five functions of such youth organizations in youth community.

b) Functions of Religious Youth Organizations
i) To foster unity among the youth
ii) To give leadership training to the youth
iii) To promote love and mutual support among members
iv) To help educate the youth about the need to abstain from all the social vices
v) To enable the youth to take part in developmental projects in the religious body, or organization in which they are found.
vi) To give moral teachings to the youth to guide them in their daily lifestyle.
vi) To organize the youth to participate in social functions and communal activities
viii) To stick to the doctrines and teachings of the religion.