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BECE Home Economics 2010 Essay

BECE Home Econs 2010 section B

B .E. C. E. 2010

Answer Question 1 [compulsory]

a) What is a seam?

ANS: A seam is made when two or more pieces of fabric are permanently joined together with stitches. OR ‘’A seam is a method of joining two or more pieces of fabrics firmly together with stitches”

b) Suggest the correct stitches for:

i. fringed edge of a tablecloth
ii. neckline of a baby’s petticoat

i. fringed edge of a tablecloth ANS: Hem stitching

ii. neckline of a baby’s petticoat. ANS: Hemming, Blanket stitches.

d) i. What is texture?

ii. List the two types of texture.

d. i. What is texture? ANS: Texture refers to the smoothness or roughness of a surface.
ii. List the two types of texture.
ANS: 1. Simulated or Visual texture
2. Tactile or Actual texture

e) Complete the table below by providing the type of texture associated with each object listed.

Object Texture
Unwashed terrazzo

a) Supply the disease, signs, and symptoms of deficiency of the following nutrients in the table below:

Deficiency Disease Signs and Symptoms
Vitamin D    
Vitamin C    


b) State and explain the three ways of heat transfer in cooking.

i) Conduction – The movement of heat through solid (metal) by contact.
ii) Convection – The movement of heated gases and liquids in a circular motion
iii) Radiation – Movement of heat by direct rays to the food.

c) Give three reasons for cooking food.

i) To make raw food edible.
ii) To kill any germs that may be present in the food. I
iii) To create variety and break monotony,

d) i. What is food preservation?
ii. Give two reasons why we preserve food.

i) Food preservation is the act of keeping foods for longer periods of time by giving them special treatment. OR “It is treatment given to foods to prolong their life span”.

ii. Give two reasons why we preserve food.
1. To prolong the life span of food. / To make food last longer.
2. To prevent food decay/spoilage.

a) State two characteristics of each of the following fibres:
i. Rayon;
ii. Polyester;
iii. Nylon.

i. Rayon:
ii. Polyester:
iii. Nylon:

i) It is absorbent and comfortable to wear
ii) It is weak when wet.

i) It is light in weight.
ii) It dries very quickly.

i) It is sensitive to heat.
ii) It dries quickly.

b) In five sentences, state the general care of nature fabrics.

i. Wash white articles separately from coloured ones.
ii. Wash in moderately warm water.
iii. Dry dark coloured articles in a shady place.
iv. Wash by rubbing gently, paying attention to soiled parts.
v. Air and dry washed articles thoroughly before storing them.

c) State the two main classes of stitches and give two examples of each.


d). Describe the difference between the classes of stitches mentioned in (c) above.

Temporary stitches are used for holding pieces of fabric together for a short period, whilst Permanent stitches are used for holding two or more pieces of fabric together for long period.

e) i. Explain two advantages of using freehand cutting.
ii. Explain two disadvantages of using freehand cutting.

1) It is quicker and easier method than drafting.
2) It saves money and therefore economical.
3) It can be used to create beautiful designs when cutting.

The diagram below shows a tool used in sewing.

a) i. Name the tool in the diagram above.
ii. State two functions of the tool.
iii. On which finger is the tool worn?
iv. State two materials used for making the tool.
v. State two points to consider when selecting the tool.


1. To protect the finger when hand sewing.
2. To push needle through the fabric.
.ANS: On the Middle finger
ANS: a) Plastic b) Metal
1. The size of the finger.
2. The durability of the material.

b) List five equipment needed when making a school uniform.

i) Sewing machine ii) Tape measure iii) Tailor’s chalk iv) Pressing iron v) Sleeve board

c) Explain three factors to consider when choosing equipment and tools for sewing.

1. The money available for the equipment, to determine the quality
2. The purpose for which you are going to use it for.
3. Consider the availability of fuel (eg. electricity) for the equipment.

d) In the table below, state one advantage and two disadvantages of the following sewing machines:

Type of Sewing Machine Advantage Disadvantage
Electric Sewing machine
Had Sewing machine